With the technological swirl & its ongoing advancements, a lot has been changed in the tech world. The impact of 5G surely cannot be ignored in this updrift era. Ushering towards success in every arena, 5G technology is said to commendably impact the development of wireless network capacity as well. Its been believed that many complex problems associated with 5G wireless networks can be solved using software, which sets aside the need for costly, time-intensive, and often slow-to-evolve hardware that’s been used in the past.
How Cloud Computing is a Perfect Fit?
The new era focuses on instilling the software and use its application rather than hardware that was used in previous 4 generations. The change in software will help in reducing the overall capital and operating expenses for the telecom providers. Moreover, the move from hardware to software will assure future-proof networks because they will empower the telecommunications industry to instil such robust innovations with speed rather than delaying for decades.
5G Core Technologies: Massive Multi-user MIMO
Multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) is a method of multiplying the capacity of a radio link, using multiple transmission and receiving antennas to take advantage of multipath propagation. MIMO is an important element of wireless communication standards in Wi-Fi, 3G, and 4G. 5G, however, massive multi-user (MU) MIMO, is just the next level which enables scaling the number of antennas massively and supporting many users simultaneously. This technology is responsible & is the reason behind 5G’s assuring 1,000 times the capacity gain over 4G.
MU-MIMO consists lots of matrix multiplications and transpositions, requiring significant computation. It is a direct function of the number of users being serviced by the cell tower and the number of antennas of the cell tower. This computation takes place every few milliseconds for thousands of subcarriers. The requisites are significant processing power and energy. As network operators increase the number of antennas, the computational requirement increases and so does other associated problems.
User patterns also affect the amount of computation needed. The total capacity that the network delivers is a direct function of how much computation power the operator is willing to purchase and deploy at each of its cell towers. Edge computing is suitable for this.
Microsoft has made a huge investment in computation technology which will be capable of delivering massive MU-MIMO for 5G networks. In early 2012, Microsoft Research invested in a practical solution to implement MU-MIMO, using distributed pipelines with a rack of commodity servers to meet timing specs and to scale to hundreds of antennas.
As 5G is moving forth with a great pace towards an open architecture, availing multiple ways to optimize a network, complexity is bound to increase. Deep learning techniques can be used to tackle such complexities, which are out of reach of human abilities to solve.
Microsoft has also invested much in ML (machine learning) and AI (artificial intelligence) and supported the work of world-leading experts in this area. Continuous machine learning along with managing the signal processing pipeline, creates a tremendous value proposition for the telecommunications industry. This huge step ahead empowers the rapid incorporation of research breakthroughs into the system—not only for the purpose of increasing wireless capacity, but also to improve the total operational efficiency of 5G networks.
Two decades of ground-breaking technology development by Microsoft engineers and researchers.
Azure: Where Edge Computing, the Cloud, and Telecommunication Operators come together
For more than a decade, Microsoft has made huge investments in edge computing and is consistently doing till date. Azure is working to avail computation close to the cell towers where it will benefit network operators the most, as they are always looking for cost-effectively scaling their network. Moreover, via this Azure for Operators initiative, Microsoft is doing a commendable work to enable new first and third-party solutions that further enhance and simplify edge computing, from network connectivity to on-demand compute, to complete orchestration.
Microsoft has been successful to scale computation up as much and as often as operators demand. The power of technology at the edge—including massive MU-MIMO—is the answer to what telecommunication operators have been looking for. Azure has been there to support telecommunication operators in meeting their goals for scaling up the capacity as the network grows and evolves. While telecommunication providers increase the number of antennas and cell towers, Microsoft’s unique capabilities to spin up servers at scale and to manage them easily from anywhere in the world makes Azure the perfect fit for 5G and beyond for telecommunication networks.